Springtime and the insects are beginning to bite. A mosquito bite in the tropics could result in any number of diseases from malaria to dengue fever. Luckily a similar bite in Europe usually results in nothing more serious than an irritating, itchy spot. Some people, however, can produce a strong allergic reaction to insect bites and end up with very inflamed and swollen wounds. Bites can easily become infected especially if you can’t resist the urge to scratch. Some people seem to be especially attractive to biting insects- the exact reasons this are still not completely clear.Scientists have identified a number of different cues which attract mosquitoes- including body heat, the carbon dioxide you breath out and even the odour of your feet! If you are prone to insect bites it’s worth taking some anti-histamine tablets with you, tablets tend to be more effective than anti-histamine creams at reducing the allergic reaction. Hydrocortisone creams may help reduce inflammation and swelling whilst calamine lotion, tea tree oil and tiger balm can help calm local irritation.It’s not just mosquitoes which can give you a nasty bite- other insects such as sand-flies, midges and black-flies can also leave you scratching! Many insects are more likely to bite at dusk and dawn time- so it’s a good idea to be prepared whilst sitting outside eating your evening meal. Take an effective repellent with you and apply to exposed skin. DEET (diethyltoluamide) based repellents are considered to provide effective and long lasting protection, although they are not without some problems. A small number of people have reported severe reactions with the chemical and many products are not suitable for young children. DEET can also damage synthetic materials and plastics so be careful not to spill it near your sunglasses or camera. Cotton ankle and wrist bands impregnated with DEET have been shown to be a very effective means of reducing insect bites. For a natural alternative use products derived from lemon eucalyptus which have been shown in laboratory and field trials to provide a comparable level of protection to DEET repellents. Unfortunately, there is no clinical evidence that eating garlic or taking vitamin B12 makes you less attractive to biting insects.Hard ticks are a particular problem and are one of the only European arthropods to transmit diseases. These 8-legged little creatures often dwell on grass/undergrowth in woodland clearings and attach themselves to passing animals and humans in order to take a blood meal. In the process of feeding they can transmit a number of diseases including tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease.Tick-borne encephalitis can lead to headaches and fever and in more severe cases can result in upto 10% of people dying or suffering long term disability. Around 11,000 cases of the disease are reported each year in Russia whilst 3,000 cases are reported in temperate parts of Europe. Many countries such as Austria and Germany have instigated successful immunisation campaigns which have drastically reduced the number of cases. A recent study has estimated that there are 60 ‘travel-related’ cases of tick-borne encephalitis reported each year in tourists visiting Austria.Travellers planning to go walking or camping in affected areas during the spring and summer months are often asked to consider immunisation (which is now available in the UK). It’s a good idea to be aware of the potential of infection and take specific precautions to minimise the risk. Wear effective repellents on exposed skin whilst out walking in woodland areas and tuck trousers into socks (not a fashion statement but effective!). Check yourself each day for attached ticks, they tend to like warm nooks such as behind ear and around groins. The longer they are attached the greater the risk that they can transmit an infection so remove them with tweezers or a tick hook. They can often be difficult to remove, it is best to grip them firmly as close to skin as possible. Be careful that all the mouthparts have been removed as the site can become infected. If you do find a tick attached don’t be too alarmed- only a small percentage are infected with any diseases.Good luck and lets hope the bugs don’t bite too much this year!
There’s nothing more interesting and more exciting than journey. Through journey, you are able to not only see the world but adventure it: whether you are going to the hills of China and into the Himalayas, or exploring the Australian outback, there are so many ways that you can learn by simply being in the right place. You can add to the exhilaration of your global journey endeavor by doing it at the last minute. Of course, this can be unmanageable, but if you are inclined for some mind blowing exhilaration, then go ahead!Here are a few tips that will help you in last minute world journey.- Never disregard the importance of a passport. Some people will take for granted the importance of their passport and will journey around without it, thinking that they can go into any nation without their nationality or citizenship. However, you may get robbed, a lot of things can get stolen from you, and if you are working at the last minute, things can get quite messy. If you lose something, you need to go to your consulate if it’s important, and you need to show that you are a citizen of your nation through your passport.- Before you ever journey anywhere, no matter how last minute your trip is, always check for the address of your consulate or embassy in the nation that you are going to. Take note of this address and all contact numbers, and keep this information in a safe place. You will need this information just in case something goes wrong during your trip.- When you are able to log on to the Cyberspace, do two big things: look for information on your destination, such as the places where you want to go, how to get around, currency rates from your currency to your destination’s currency, and other important things; and second, book a accommodations. The first task will allow you to predict any events and know where to go beforehand so that you don’t walk around blindly in your destination. The second may very well get you various discounts so make sure that you get a good accommodations deal!- If all else fails for your pursuit for good discounts on accommodations, then you may have to simply wing it. When you arrive at your destination, track down for a inexpensive but decent and clean pension house or hostel. Get some rest, and when you start moving around the next day, stop by at a number of hotels and ask for information on bookings and inexpensive rates. This way, you can still get around and get the accommodations that you want!- Ask for recommendations from your associates. They may be able to offer you tips from their own global journey trip. In fact, when your associates start talking about their adventure, you should start listening and asking questions! Don’t ever brush aside the value of good research, not to mention good associates.- Always have a good authentic journey agent on hand who can handle last minute accommodations and arrangements. The trouble with a lot of journey bureaus is that they offer no discounts for last minute journey, but if you are able to find a good agent, then you should keep that agent.- Keep on doing research. On your free time, surf the Net for interesting places to visit, so that when the time comes for you to journey, you know just where to go.
Santiago is capital and largest city of Chile. It is known for its modern look, shopping centers, and stunning high-rise architecture.It is a buzzing metropolitan area, which only gets more popular with each passing year. To get around Santiago is easy. It hosts one of the best underground Metro’s in the world. It is extremely efficient, safe and clean. You will quickly get from one side of the city to the other.A few good places to visit in Santiago are Cerro Santa Lucia Hill, Santa Lucia Craft Market, Paris Londres Neighborhood, Patio Bellavista, Plaza de Armas, and La Moneda.When taking a flight into Santiago Chile, whether it is by boat, car, or plane your belongings can be vulnerable. Chile is known to be a safe place to travel in Latin America, however; there will always be reasons to steal from tourists. If you have cash, cards, important documents or any other valuables on you, they should be well secured. Every precaution you take will assist in avoiding potential problems.Prior to leaving for your trip, get some information as to the general layout of the Santiago Chile airport. This will help in locating taxi’s, or pickup points, and avoid putting yourself in less desirable situations. It is a good idea to take the airport limousine, or get a hotel pick up.Always try and keep your wallet and valuables secured and safe in a handbag or in your hand luggage. Having travelers lock securing your bags from petty theft is also a good idea.Before leaving for your trip, transfer some money into the local currency. This way you have less to think about, and will prevent you from pulling out a large amount of money at the airport arrivals. Try not to draw unnecessary attention to the fact that you are carrying so much money.Have available a small amount of the local currency. This should be separate from the majority of your traveling money, and can be used for the ride into town, and unforeseen needs like toll ways or a water bottle.Santiago Chile is really very safe, but it is advised wherever you travel to take as many precautions as possible. This way you will not put a damper on the most important thing, having a great holiday.
I’m going to offer a few tips and strategies to aid you and your toddler during this holiday season. Don’t panic if you’re faced with the task of flying with young children this season. The entire process can be quite painless and actually enjoyable if you take the time to prepare for your journey. Toting toddlers and infants through airports can be a daunting task as is, don’t make it any more difficult than it needs to be. Take these tips into consideration before you board your flight and you’ll have a much smoother trip.I know it’s difficult to travel “light” during the Holidays. Especially when you need to bring presents along with the normal luggage. I would recommend that you consider shipping your presents before departing on your flight. This way they’ll have already arrived and be nestled beneath the tree when you and your family arrive at your final destination.
Less crowds will mean less stress for you and your children. If it’s an option then it would be highly recommended that you fly during the non-peak hours. Monday through Wednesday and you’ll want to fly the red eyes if all possible. Sure, you might drag a bit the next day but it’ll pay off for you in the long run.
Pack plenty of games, snacks, drinks, and other activities in a nice “travel bag”. Great things to pack are coloring books, iPod, CD player, and portable DVD players.
It’s wise to pack in excess, you never know when you could possibly be bumped or be a victim of a lay-over.
Let your child have the window seat. Most kids will find the view absolutely wonderful and it’s much more safe for them to fly in the window seat than the aisle. This way there is a much less chance that they’ll have an appendage bumped or smacked by an aisle cart.
These are just a few of the helpful tips that will make your journey a little bit easier. Finally, remember that not everyone appreciate the joys of your child. Some parents choose to fly in the vicinity of the engines where the noise from the jets can dampen the voices of their kids.
It’s that time of year when you need to decide where your next family vacation is going to be. Rather than choosing an overcrowded beach or tourism destination, why not choose an experience that will leave your entire family with an out-of the ordinary memorable vacation? Costa Rica offers just such a destination, and some excellent family package holidays are available. Here are some essential tips to consider when planning a Costa Rica Vacation:Pack lightly when traveling to Costa Rica: Travel to Costa Rica is mostly to rainforests, mountains and beaches. Chances are that your local plane or boat will limit your luggage. Plan on bringing a typical plane carry-on bag.What to pack? Bring shorts and T-shirts, a raincoat or poncho, a hat and swimsuit and a lightweight jacket. Leave your elegant clothes at home – the animals don’t care what you wear! Bring along a camera and extra batteries as there is lots to photograph in Costa Rica! Also take insect repellent and plenty of sunscreen.Costa Rica Driving: Driving in Costa Rica can be difficult – the roads are often inaccessible due to the tropical climate. Instead, short plane trips between locations a good alternative as they are inexpensive, safe and save time.Take along some good plant and wildlife books: To fully appreciate the beauty and rarity of the flora and fauna species Costa Rica features, take along some good books to identify plants and wildlife you will undoubtedly spot.Handling Money: Costa Rica’s banking system can be strange. In smaller towns and tourist areas, there is often only one ATM. Costa Rican ATM’s are known to decline cards for no reason, so if you’re heading for smaller places, take out money before leaving. If traveling to smaller towns, it is worthwhile to consider taking along travelers checks.Costa Rican Coasts: Spend time at least at one of Costa Rica’s two diversified coasts, and if possible on both – the Pacific Ocean on the west and the Caribbean Sea on the east. Both coasts host several national parks, such as Manuel Antonio National Park on the Pacific and Tortuguero National Park on the Caribbean. Both are well worth the effort.Spend enough time at each location: To get a feel for the places you are visiting, spend at least 2 – 3 nights in each location. It makes for less stress, giving families the opportunity to relax and enjoy the experience.Use the services of a guide: To really see wildlife in the wild, on its own terms, utilize the services of a naturalist guide. They will not only provide astounding knowledge but will also point out wildlife sights you would never see on your own (they have the eyes of hawks). Freelance guides are readily available for hire at the entrance of Manuel Antonio, Carara and Tortuguero national parks. If you plan on visiting a series of wildlife reserves, consider utilizing a guide for the duration of your trip.Wildlife spotting: For wildlife spotting, timing is everything. Early morning is the best time to spot the animals, followed by late afternoon. Walk quietly, stopping of ten to listen and watch. Look at all levels, from the ground up to the canopy overhead. Choose an inconspicuous spot near a clearing or stream and if possible, sit absolutely still for a half hour – you will almost surly see amazing wildlife.
Many pregnant women are understandably concerned about flying in their condition. Assuming that you have a healthy and normal pregnancy and you are not too close to your due date, there is no need to alter your travel plans. However, you probably should not fly if your condition has complications such as hypertensive disease, extreme nausea, placenta plevia or pre-term labor. If you have to fly during your pregnancy, there are many ways to make your trip more comfortable, and less stressful.First, allow yourself plenty of extra time at the airport, by making sure you check in at least ninety minutes early if you are traveling domestically, and two hours early for international flights. If you need assistance navigating the airport, do not hesitate to take a ride on one of the little electric carts, or request a wheelchair from your airline. A wheelchair can be booked in advance and it should be available for you upon arrival, at no charge.Most airlines have some kind of policy for pregnant travelers, it should be clearly stated on their website, or you can call the airline for more information. Make sure you are speaking to the right person. Most airlines have staff that are trained to assist not only pregnant passengers, but also passengers with disabilities and special needs. The restrictions can be different depending on whether you are flying over land or over water; and if your trip involves different airlines or traveling overseas, it can be difficult to keep track of the various rules and restrictions.If you are flying during the first or second trimester and have a healthy and normal pregnancy, you should not have any serious problems either with your own comfort or with your airline prohibiting you from flying. In fact, the second trimester is often considered the safest time to fly, as the first difficult months have already passed and there is no risk yet of premature labor.It is the third trimester that may cause problems – if you are flying during the last few weeks of your term, make sure to check with your airline for their rules regarding how close to the due date you are able to fly. In general, airlines do not like you to fly within a week or so of your due date (the exact rule depends on the airline). In addition, if you are flying during your third trimester, you may need a letter from your doctor stating that you are healthy enough to travel.Seating is important if you are pregnant, and you want to be as comfortable as possible during the flight. You may want to have an aisle seat, which provides easier access to bathrooms, and a seat close by them to minimize the required walking distance. If you are lucky enough to have an empty seat or two, you can stretch out, be sure to take advantage of them.You may not be able to sit in the emergency exit row if you are pregnant and you are still required to keep your seat belt fastened, which can be a challenge. The extra room in business or first class is definitely a major benefit for pregnant women. If you are taking a long trip, consider paying the difference for an upgrade or cashing in some of those hard-earned frequent flyer miles.Be sure to wear loose and comfortable clothing when you fly. This can increase your comfort level resulting in an enjoyable flight. You may also want to wear some compression stockings to help blood circulate from your ankles to your heart and lungs. Try to move around regularly to keep your blood flowing – even if you cannot get up, there are some beneficial exercises you can do while seated, such as rotating your ankles or flexing your feet.Some pregnant women also wonder if it is safe to fly because of the pressure in the airplane cabin. All commercial flights have pressurized cabins and are quite safe but you probably should not fly in a smaller plane that does not have a pressurized cabin. Some wonder if it is safe to walk through the metal detector at the airport. It is perfectly safe because it is not actually an x-ray machine, and it should not harm you or your baby in any way.Flying can be stressful enough. Just because you have a baby on board does not mean you cannot have a safe and comfortable flight. Make the most of it before you have all the stress of traveling with a baby! When flying while pregnant is completely safe but it is best to fly during your second trimester. It is possible to fly during the first or third trimester but it is not recommended. If you planning a vacation while pregnant, consider these tips and you can be on your way to a wonderful vacation.
Just because you want to travel on a budget there is no reason why you should not have a fantastic holiday. Budget travel can still take you to exotic destinations if that is where you wish to go.Budget travel is more about information and planning than it is about just ‘cheap travel’. Budget travel is means getting the best value holiday for the lowest dollar. That does not necessarily mean a cheap nasty holiday.You can only make these decisions if you thoroughly research your destinations. As we all know it is a great big, big world out there and to catch the tourist, operators have to be inventive in their promotions and at certain times will lower costs or add in extras to get the customers. These promotions by the operators can make a big difference to your pocket.Your research will help you find these facts and figures and when you have the answers you are searching for, then you can go ahead and book.By researching everything in the area you are planning to go to, you can establish if there are any special events on at the time you are arriving, which of course will elevate the cost of accommodation and blow out any idea of budget travel. Such changes can
make a lot of difference and can cost you a lot of money.Be careful when booking ahead and read the fine print on anything that you are paying. It is often in the fine print that there are extra charges. Examples that come to mind are extra costs for parking the car, extra costs for room cleaning, and other similar services that may have always been taken for granted in the past or on previous trips.In certain places like Aspen for example, you are going there for the snow and the fun, so you could probably have just as much fun living in cheaper accommodation, whereas if you were going to a place like Ibiza you may wish to be able to have a room with a view and cut back on other costs.It all depends on what sort of holiday you are looking for, and where you want to spend your time and money.Of course, with any travel overseas always check before you book what documents, visas, duties, taxes, entry fees, etc you may need to visit certain countries. These costs and visascan make a big difference, and may even stop you wanting to go where you want to go.When you are doing your research always check to see that the information you are gathering is current. This is most important because if it is a couple of years old, anything could have changed in the meantime.Budget travel can be just as much fun for you as for someone with an open check book. In fact, you will probably meet more locals and have a greater experience by mixing with them. Locals make a trip. Geographical beauty is one thing, but leaning about the locals is another. With budget travel you can experience both.
If you intend to travel to Ireland anytime soon, there are some things that you must remember if you plan to go there, enjoy your stay and have a good vacation in one of the top tourists destination of the new world.
Remember that Ireland is the third of the largest islands in Europe. Be ready to bring a map, a compass and extra batteries just in case you will need to contact a their tourist information center.
Knowing the land area of the country makes sure that you are ready to get lost and enjoy your way back to civilization or your hotel.
When buying souvenirs for your trip down in Ireland, keep in mind that their rich culture summons you to buy one of their souvenir items that have intricate designs. These designs are termed Irish interlace or Celtic knot work. It is evidently the greatest souvenir that you can have from the Irish heritage.
Gaelic football is the Irish version of a football and perhaps the most famous sport in Ireland. And what sets it apart from the others is that it ensures the interaction between the community and the people living inside the communities.
Irish people love races. They enjoy both the greyhound racing and horse racing. To have the ultimate Ireland experience, you must attend one of these two races and feel the difference.
In terms of diet, the phenomenon of white salted butter placed in bread is perhaps the greatest experience that one should have in his or her Ireland experience.
Whiskey is the best alcoholic drink that Ireland can offer. Try it and be happy with the taste of genuine Whiskey from the Whiskey capital of the world.
Make sure that you will be ready to party as the Irish are relatively nice and party people. When wanting to buy food souvenir, it would be best to buy whiskey and their world famous cheese that you will love to save for the next Holidays.
Before leaving your hotel, bring your passport and visa and identifications always. This is Standard Operating procedure for any tourist.
Finally, remember to have fun. It is your vacation in Ireland and you have all the right to go out and smell the Irish coffee in the morning, Irish bread and butter for lunch and the Irish way of partying in the evening.
Observing fellow passengers on my recent flight, I noticed several mistakes and evidence of poor planning that caused the travelers unnecessary distress. Traveling by airplane and through airports is stressful enough as it is. Why not do everything you can to make it easy on yourself?Here are seven simple suggestions of what you can do to make your next flight more comfortable and pleasant.1. Set your intention. Sounds weird, but it works. Arrive at the airport with the mindset that all is going to go smoothly and that you are going to meet helpful people. Pleasing conditions are much more likely to occur if you expect them than if you are expecting hassles.2. Wear slip-on shoes. Face it, getting through security these days involves partially undressing in front of a lot of strangers who just want you to hurry up and get out of the way. You always have to take off your shoes, so make it easy on yourself by wearing slides.3. Use a carryon with wheels. Think of it as your airport supply kit. Even if you are checking luggage, you still want to have a small wheeled carryon bag, and here’s why: carrying the odds and ends in a bag over your shoulder is tiring and limits your freedom of movement. Instead, a wheeled carryon can act as a sort of cart for any additional items you pick up along the way: food, water, magazines, etc.4. Bring food. Buy it at the airport if that’s easiest, but be sure to bring healthier choices than offered by the snack boxes you can buy on the airplane — unless you like snacks virtually absent of nutrition and high in fat and carbs.5. Hydrate. You will feel so much better if you drink plenty of water. The air on the planes is very dry, and since the cabin is a contained, pressurized environment, the air is recycled during the flight. You’re breathing in a lot of crud, and water helps your body deal with it.6. Wear noise-canceling headphones in flight. What more can I say? Wow. They are totally worth the investment if you fly very often at all. Planes are extremely noisy. The powerful engines, the crying babies, the talkative neighbors. All of the grinding and rumbling and whining and blasting become mere background whispers when you’re wearing noise canceling headphones.7. Bring disposable entertainment. During flight and on layovers, there are a multitude of things you can do to pass the time, ranging from working on your laptop to filling in the newspaper crossword puzzle. But you need a pen to do the puzzle, a plug-in to work on the laptop for long, a credit card to sit in a lounge and watch TV… you get the idea. Think ahead about what entertainment you might like to have on hand that is portable and convenient to interrupt during the many phases of your passage from one location to the next. Easiest is a magazine because if you space out and leave it behind, it is readily replaced.When you have these seven suggestions in place and you keep your overall airport supply kit (the handy wheeled carryon) lightly but thoroughly equipped, your air travel experience becomes more manageable and effortless.
Ahh… summertime. Warm weather, school is out, longer days, and of course-vacation. Just because this summer is flying by does not mean you missed your chance to book a relaxing getaway cruise!FINDING THE BEST CABIN LOCATION
There’s a lot of confusion and misinformation concerning cabin location
choice on modern cruise ships. High speed elevators whisk passengers from lower to higher decks and return in seconds. Modular construction insures that cabins on lower decks are identical with their counterparts further up. If these premises are correct, what should the savvy cruise traveler be looking for in their cruise cabin location and does it really matter at all?Modern cruise ships are fully stabilized and in normal weather conditions,
display no discernible difference in motion between deck locations. Our vast super liners ensure the comfort of even the most motion sensitive passengers in almost all circumstances. However, in some inclement weather scenarios, cabins closest to center ship may have less motion than forward or aft cabins. Imagining a pendulum will explain the comparative motion as it relates to deck location. Ironically, cabins located on lower decks are generally lower in cost and yet also may indicate less motion under certain conditions than a comparable higher deck cabin.Based on these assumptions, why pay a higher rate for a higher deck cabin? It comes down to convenience. On many cruise ships, decks that contain restaurants, show rooms, pool decks, spas etc tend to be on middle to higher decks which are more easily accessible from higher deck cabins. The decision of whether to pay more is more a function of budget limitation rather than overall enjoyment of the cruise experience. The choice is yours.UPGRADING YOUR CRUISE CABIN
Getting an upgrade on your cruise cabin means that you pay a lower rate and get a cabin which is listed in a higher category on the published deck plan without paying a supplement. Upgrades may be in the same cabin type such as inside to inside (no ocean view) but located on a higher deck or they may be in a different cabin type such as inside to outside (ocean view). How can the savvy cruise traveler arrange a cabin upgrade?1. Special Promotions – Cruise Lines sometimes offer cabin upgrades as an incentive based on a qualifying factor. The qualification may be membership in a past passenger group, a group promotion, payment with a certain credit card, frequent flier promotion, or other qualification. Check with your agent at the time of booking to confirm whether any of these promotions are available.2. Guarantee- To Be Assigned (TBA) Some cruise lines permit booking in a guaranteed category with the POSSIBILITY of upgrade with the actual cabin number assignment being made closer to sailing date. As the name implies, the passenger is guaranteed that his cabin will be at least the equivalent of the rate paid. Booking on a guaranteed TBA requires some flexibility on the part of the passenger but in many cases, rewards this flexibility with a cabin upgrade3. Registration for Upgrade – Some cruise lines allow passengers to register for a possible upgrade if one becomes available. This approach normally gives the client an immediate cabin number and the option of accepting or rejecting an upgrade if available. The upgrade option is usually offered close to sailing date.